Romanian Association of Young Scholars
Issue No. 7/ Vol. II
Romanian Review of Young Researchers (RRYR)
ORIGINEA ȘI FUNCȚIA COMUNITĂȚII RELIGIOASE LA G.F. HEGEL, ÎN "PRELEGERI DE FILOSOFIE A RELIGIEI"
Cristina MĂRCULEȚ-PETRESCU, PhD. Candidate
Doctoral School of Philosophy, University of Bucharest
ABSTRACT: In the "Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion" the focus is on the triadic structure of God, as the moment of the concept. Hegel’s God (as Idea – Begriff) appears in three hypostases: the pure thought itself (An-sich-sein), the differentiation of consciousness into finite knowing Spirit, the Spirit as object of his own knowing (Dasein) and then cult, as a transition of the absolute idea into the community (Für-sich-sein). These three moments are thus represented as a development of God himself. The community is the perfect combination between the absolute and the sensorial presence: here God exists and realizes himself as the Holy Spirit. The third hypostasis of God is the divine self-realization from universality to individuality. This article aims to represent a demonstration of the function of Hegel’s philosophy of religion in a given community.
KEYWORDS: God, community, religion, trinity.
O INCURSIUNE FENOMENOLOGICĂ A CONCEPTULUI DE ARHETIP
Ioana Cristina NICOLAE, PhD. Candidate
Faculty of Philosophy, University of Bucharest
ABSTRACT: In Symbols of Transformation (1911-1912) Carl Gustav Jung uses the term imago for what later was to become the archetype, the central concept of another study, namely The Archeypes and the Collective Unconscious (1934). The archetype signifies the presence of certain formes in the psyche which we can encounter everywhere, ever since the begining of time. Even though the psychoanalyst names his archetypes categories of imagination (The Tibetan Book of the Great Liberation), in opposition with Kant’s categories of the intellect, they retain two Kantian characteristics: the universality and the formal character. According to some critics this type of approach would place Jung in the idealist sphere, but our paper aims to demonstrate the exact opposite of this point of view. These same two characteristics, in the absence of a hereditary transmittance, make of the archetype what in the existential phenomenology is called an existential. This idea has been stated before by an expert on Jung’s writings, Vasile Dem. Zamfirescu, who believes that Jung surpasses Kant and Scheller, their work being limited to a formal a priori, and that he founded the universality of the archetypes in the universal structure of the brain. To support the connection between psychoanalysis and phenomenology we will mention another critic, Roger Brooke, who has a very interesting point of view regarding Jung’s method in comparison with that of Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s.
KEYWORDS: phenomenology, archetypes, psychoanalysis.
REÎNTOARCEREA LA RELIGIE ȘI MARIAJ ÎN DIALOGUL LUI HOUELLEBECQ CU HUYSMANS
Ioana Cătălina REZEANU, PhD. Candidate
University of Craiova & University Aix-Marseille, France
ABSTRACT: This article proposes a reading that is configured around the opposition between republican individualism and muslim fraternity. The return to religion and to the image of the traditional couple realised in an echo of Menajul, a novel written by Huysmans, is marked by the ironic style, which is representative for Houellebecq. Converting to Islam compensates for the catholic believe worn in the bosom of a republic based on secularism and the loneliness of the western individual which finds their comfort in a marriage where the role of the modern woman is to be submissive. But the reader will decide to what extent this new vision of Houellebecq is an exciting challenge or an eulogy of conjugal love, of bashfulness, of returning to others.
KEYWORDS: individualism, republic, fraternity, Islam, marriage.
NARAȚIUNI POPULARE ALE ROMÂNILOR ȘI ALE NATIVILOR NORD-AMERICANI - STUDIU DE CAZ: DRAGONULL CU ȘAPTE CAPETE
Mirela (APETROAE) STAICU, PhD. Candidate
Faculty of Letters, University of Bucharest
ABSTRACT: Although the Native Americans and the Romanians have very aloof cultures, a closer analysis of their folktales reveals a series of common points which can account for, from an anthropological point of view, a unique way of thinking of the First Men. The way they see life, their cultural traits, their worries and joys reflect in folk narratives shared in various occasions or for different purposes, as means of passing down folk wisdom. This paper is a case study, an analysis of a native american folktale, „The Seven Headed Dragon”, from Stith Thompson’s anthology Tales of the North American Indians (1929), analysis which has the purpose of revealing the tale`s structure and content features, with an emphasis on motifs recurrent in most cultures and remarks on their occurences in Romanian folktales. The case study grounds itself on two premises: firstly, the analysis is based on tale types and motifs, in a process of identifying the elements of structure on which the story is built. We use the concepts of type and motif, as they are defined in Stith Thompson`s studies and the international catalogues: Motif Index of Folk Literature, Stith Thompson, 6 volumes (1956-1966) and the ATU catalogue, The Types of International Folktales, the revised edition from 2004, by Anti Aarne, Stith Thompson and Hans Jörg Uther. Secondly, the reader must bare in mind that the European and American cultures have a different understanding of the narrative forms of folklore. In the culture of the Native peoples, myths, legends, fairytales, folktales, anecdotes blend, whereas in the European one, there are, in most cases, well established boundaries between genres. This case study is part of a bigger research of the native folktales from the Northern part of the American continent, in an attempt of revealing, once more if necessary, the importance of stories, storytelling and their way of creating links between people across the world.
KEYWORDS: culture, natives, storytelling, tale type, motif.
DELINCVENȚA JUVENILĂ SUB VÂRSTA RĂSPUNDERII PENALE
Niculina KARAKSONY, PhD. Candidate
"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University of Iași
ABSTRACT: In Romania, in comparison to the other members of the European community, the approach on children’s deviant behavior shows certain particularities. The approach and the proportion of social services involved in prevention, protection and early rehabilitation linked to this type of behavior are main indicators of the care a state manifests to ensure prosocial developments of future generations behavior. European policies that approach the behavior of the child who is in conflict with the law are divided into two major currents in opposition: the welfare and the punitive approach. The first one is based on protection and rehabilitation, in which the state recognises failure and tries to fix it, considering the delinquency a consequence of the system dysfunctionality. In contrast, the punitive is a strong approach based on sanctions and punishment where the state emphasizes the need to strengthen the security community through coercive measures taken starting from an early age, using tools as a rigid legislative framework and a judicial practice with increasingly fluid borders between procedures which aim the issue of children and those controlling crime among adults. Society's reaction to such criminal behavior generally encourages a punitive approach, creating a false, oversized issue of immediate social danger represented by unpunished delinquent children.
KEYWORDS: criminal behavior, social services, measures, delinquency, child.
CONTROLUL COSTULUI PRIN INTERMEDIUL CONTABILITĂȚII MANAGERIALE
Maria Alexandra BOTOȘ, PhD. Candidate
"1 Decembrie 1918" University of Alba Iulia
Emil GHERGHESCU, PhD. Candidate
"1 Decembrie 1918" University of Alba Iulia
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research is to offer a quality analysis of the effects generated by cost control using decisions based on the results of managerial accounting regarding the financial statements of the entity. Our main objective is to develop a new hypothesis about the influence of managerial accounting on the financial statements through the effect of costs. For achieving these objectives we made a parallel between managerial accounting and administrational accounting, we defined and set the borders between these two concepts. This way, we realized the correlations between the results of managerial accounting and their consequences spread through decisions on the process of cost control. Last but not least, to conclude this research we presented the direct correlation between cost accounting, respectively cost control and the financial results of an entity. We wish that our research will be the basis work for elaborating new managerial accounting practices, which implemented will optimize the cost control and increase the financial efficiency within companies specialized on production.
KEYWORDS: managerial accounting, cost, control.