Issue No. 6/ Vol. II

ARCHIVE

Romanian Review of Young Researchers (RRYR)

 

 

ALEGERILE ELECTORALE ÎN ROMÂNIA POSTCOMUNISTÃ. STUDIU DE CAZ: PRIMELE ALEGERI LOCALE ÎN MOINEŞTI

Paul-Claudiu COTÎRLEŢ, PhD. Candidate

Faculty of History, University of Bucharest

ABSTRACT: This paper aims to provide a detailed general look on the way the first "free elections" took place in a small provincial town after the fall of the communist regime. In addition, the manner in which the Government, the political parties, the candidates, the voters and the civil society have prepared for these elections, and how they planned them will also be illustrated. Without limiting the scope of this research only to the actual day of voting, I also reflect on the role the main actors of the time played throughout the campaign, the incidents that occurred during the voting process, as well as the period that came after the elections concluded.

   

KEYWORDS: election, Moineşti, parties, interview, postcomunism.

STUDIU REFERITOR LA INFORMAŢIILE LEGATE DE CALENDAR ŞI DATA SĂRBĂTORIRII SFINTELOR PAŞTI PE CARE LE DEŢIN CREŞTINII ORTODOCŞI

Răzvan-George TOPALĂ, PhD. Candidate

“Justinian the Patriarch” Faculty of Orthodox Theology, University of Bucharest

ABSTRACT: The Orthodox and Catholics celebrate Easter at different times. This situation creates difficulties and a lack of unity between Christians. There are different attempts to celebrate Easter on a common date. The Orthodox leaders were reticent in applying such measures. They were afraid that those measures will create discontent and dissidence between believers. For this reason, no decision was taken over the last century. But this issue is stated on the agenda for the next Ecumenical Orthodox Synod from 2016. The goal of this study is to reveal the opinion of Orthodox people regarding a modification the Easter celebration. Orthodox believers are open to some modifications in the celebration of Easter, but an informational campaign and additional measures are required.

 

KEYWORDS: Easter date, calendar, religious celebration.

ANALIZA POLITICII EXTERNE A RUSIEI: DE LA COOPERARE ȘI CONVERGENȚĂ NORMATIVĂ CU UNIUNEA EUROPEANĂ, LA COMPETIȚIE GEOPOLITICĂ ȘI REALPOLITIK

Sabina STRÎMBOVSCHI, PhD. Candidate

National School of Political Studies and Public Administration

ABSTRACT: The author develops an analysis of the relations between the European Union and Russian Federation through the normative convergence, an approach proposed by the EU to Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union. It investigates the way these initiatives have evolved, identifying on the one hand, the phenomena that led to the conclusion of mutually beneficial partnerships, and on the other hand exposing the causes which led to the failure of these initiatives. In this context, it is important to considerate how Russia, in the early 2000s, seeks to return to the negotiating table of great powers, aiming to regain its status of influential decision maker in the world, but also to develop itself as a solid power, equal with the European Union and the United States. Because the respect for state sovereignty in Russia gets a particularly important significance in front of the EU normative transforming measures, over time, the shaping of a new assertive Russian foreign policy may be observed, where common neighborhood becomes an inconvenient topic in the relation with European Union, while the implementation of Eastern Partnership takes the form of a zero sum game. Consequently, as the European integration policies are adopted in several countries of common neighborhood, the transition towards a geopolitical competition becomes vital. In this regard, the application of instruments of realpolitik influences the way Russia manages its external relations, by which it demonstrates the need to change the world order, where Moscow should be perceived as an influential international player, able to get what it wants.

 

KEYWORDS: Russia, European Union, normative convergence, realpolitik.

PARADIGMA INTERPRETĂRII TEXTULUI ŞI DISCURSUL DE (IN)SECURITATE CIBERNETICĂ

Tasia GUDU, PhD. Candidate

National School of Political Studies and Public Administration

ABSTRACT: Lene Hansen and Helen Nissenbaum applied the securitization theory to cybersecurity, in order to explain how this concept become an existential problem through (in)security discourses. Starting from  the article "Cybersecurity and the Copenhagen School”, I will attempt an analysis of a textual corpus, using the Tropes software, for the purpose to key out the referent objects of the securitization process of cybersecurity, that means objects that are being threatened and need to be protected. Tropes is a Natural Language Processing and Semantic Classification software, that allows to reduce the texts as far as possible to their essentials and helps isolating themes and identifying the main actors, through the application of three levels of semantic classifications.

 

KEYWORDS: securitization theory, cybersecurity, the paradigm of  text-interpretation, Tropes software.

UTILIZAREA HÂRTIEI ALCALINE PENTRU DOCUMENTELE APARŢINÂND FONDURILOR ARHIVISTICE CREATE ŞI GESTIONATE DE CĂTRE ENTITĂŢILE PUBLICE DIN ROMÂNIA

Cezar-Săndel IONCEF, PhD. Candidate

International Relations and Security Studies Doctoral School, "Babeş-Bolyai" University

POSDRU Scholar (POSDRU/187/1.5/S/155383)

ABSTRACT: Throughout a records' lifecycle, as created, received and managed by public authorities from Romana, since their creation until archival appraisal, in order to eliminate those with expired retention period or to ensure permanent preservation for those with historical and scientific value, highly important for further research, being a friable material in most of cases in our coutry - the paper, passing through a series of phases, changes its physicochemical characteristics, according to several criteria: microclimate insured, type of paper used, the method of exposure to harmful factors etc. This paper aims to analyze the importance of these factors but mostly  that of how papers' usage of non-acidic / alkaline extends the life of documents created and managed in the archival funds of public entities in our country.

 

KEYWORDS:  acid-free paper, archival funds, records, public authorities, deacidification.

ANALIZA CROSS-CULTURALĂ A PUBLICITĂTII DIN ŢĂRILE ARABE

Alina-Maria VIERU, PhD. Candidate

Faculty of Journalism and Communication Sciences, University of Bucharest

ABSTRACT: In this paper, we analyzed the process of globalization and the impact it has on Arab culture and advertising. Most Arabs are still reluctant to globalization, because they consider it as a supremacy of American culture and economy on local culture. The field of advertising is facing the dilemma of global or local. Successful brands have managed to adapt to local specifics, but at the same time, they kept their original elements that made them famous. It is about glocalisation, and that means the global elements will report to local ones and general to particular.

 

KEYWORDS: advertising, culture, glocalisation, national identity, globalisation.

"A MURIT DUMNEZEU” VS. "AM DUMNEZEUL MEU”. KITSCH-UL – UN FENOMEN RELIGIOS. ALTERNATIVĂ LA ÎNŢELEGEREA ESTETICĂ A KITSCH-ULUI EUROPEAN DE LA EST LA VEST

Andrei Florin MUȘAT, PhD. Candidate

Faculty of Arts and Design, West University of Timișoara

ABSTRACT: This article takes on an already archived theme, which raises too little interest: Kitsch as a public, (under) cultural phenomenon. The stake of this article is to extract Kitsch from its already known, common, axiological, aesthetic reception and often still electrifying (is Kitsch art or not?; can we explain Kitsch as a cultural fact?) and asks the same ontological question: What is Kitsch today? For this exercise of ethical reconfiguration of a term so familiar as Kitsch, we will first need a mental effort of reduction and even of rejecting prejudices. For an easier understanding of this process of reordering the definition of kitsch we will make use of some colloquial understanding of extra-halo terms such as culture or religion. We will submit a brief inventory of classic kitsch reception, then following two suggestive phrases <God is dead> vs. <I have my own God> we will try to explain two pressing realities, that defy general conceptual discourse or usual academic theoretical assumptions concerning the issue of Kitsch.

 

KEYWORDS: Western/Eastern Kitsch, religious Kitsch, garden gnome.

SUVERANITATEA STATELOR DIN PERSPECTIVĂ UMANITARĂ

Corina Georgiana STAN, MA Student

Faculty of History, University of Bucharest

ABSTRACT: The complexity of international relations, the way in which states build both domestic politics and foreign politics, but also the unpredictability of the state and non-state actors, led to serious concerns in the academic environment about citizens’ security at global level. In the last years, the arguments in favour of an illegitimate intervention  in the interference with the internal affairs of a state, for humanitarian goals, was based on the idea that sovereignty implies responsibility to protect people. Theoreticians of international law faced with a major dilemma to achieve a compromise between the concept of sovereignty of states and the humanitarian intervention.

 

KEYWORDS: sovereignty, humanitarian intervention, just war, UN Charter.

REGIUNEA, O AMENINȚARE PENTRU STATUL-NAȚIUNE? CAZUL FRANȚEI

Liana PRIGOANĂ, PhD. Candidate

Doctoral School of Political Science, University of Bucharest

Laboratoire des Sciences Sociales du Politique, Ecole Doctorale Sciences Juridiques et Politiques, Université Toulouse I Capitole

Ecole Dcotorale en Sciences Sociales (Membre de CEREFREA)

ABSTRACT: After World War II, the region knows a new dimension with the creation of the European Union (EU down below): a new tendency begins to rise known as the “Europe of regions” (Pasquier 2004, Hooghe, 1995). This Europe of regions is based on the local unities that can challenge the State’s power. The regional policy has appeared in the 1970s and EU supported it. Thus, the States were constrained to create regional structures in order to manage the European funds (Keating, 1997). Starting from the theory of Roman Pasquier that identifies the trends of the territorial development, this paper intends to shed light in the evolution and to analyze the French situation. France started the path of regionalization in the 1980s with the First Act of decentralization, and nowadays we are the witnesses of the Third Act. Every act is adapted at the economic and social context and it has the purpose to enlarge regional competences. Also, the region had become the most important interlocutor of the European Commission. Every region is represented in Brussels with the intention to defend its interests, to create a good image, but also to maintain the relation with the European institutions. The EU institution Committee of regions represents the regions to the other European institutions. We aim to analyze whether these elements have increased the power of the regions and have weakened the power of the State.


KEYWORDS: regional development, decentralization, regionalization, European Union, France.

SOCIETATEA GERMANĂ MULTICULTURALĂ A EȘUAT

Alicia-Georgiana ZALUPCA, PhD. Candidate

POSDRU Scholar: POSDRU/187/1.5.S/155589

Faculty of Communication and Public Relations, National School of Political Studies and Public Administration

ABSTRACT: A multicultural society represents the future of Europe, because we, Europeans, need to adapt to change and accept other human beings in our country, day to day life and society. This multiculturalism is part of the globalization process. Multiculturalism is being perceived as “an ideology that promotes the institutionalization of communities containing multiple cultures.”  Germany’s chancellor, Angela Merkel, declared that “the German multicultural society has failed completly” on the 17th of October 2010. Merkel opines that the actual multiculturalism in which people should live happily together does not work at all. Immigrants should work harder in order to integrate themselves in the German society, and it is mandatory to learn German. Five years later, on the 14th of December 2015, in Berlin, Merkel declares that “immigrants are urged to assimilate fully the German values, multiculturalism is an illusion. […] All the immigrants that are searching for protection and a better life in Germany must learn the German laws and traditions, must be able to speak German. Multiculturalism generates parallel societies and remains in fact an illusion”. Merkel has also stated that Germany will decrease the number of immigrants who will come and remain in Germany at a certain moment in the near future, because Germany is not the only European country that must accept immigrants. In 2015, more than one million immigrants had chosen Germany as their new home. This being said, this article sets out to provide a detailed analysis of the current situation of the labor workforce, the educational and economic situation of Germany in the context of the large wave of immigrants from September 2015, or the phenomenon of very high East European professionals after the liberalization of labor market on 1st of January 2014.

 

KEYWORDS: immigrants, German society, multiculturalism, labor market, politics.

 

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Romanian Association of Young Scholars - No. 16, Lăptari Tei, District 2, Bucharest, Romania
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