ABSTRACT: This article adresses the failures of the Romanian education system in 2015, with a particular focus in observing and analyzing school dropout, which is intimately connected to failure and absenteeism. I summarize and analyze social inequalities following a timeline that starts from the communist era, dominated by massive literacy, to the period following the Romanian integration into the European Union. In this context, I identify the causes of school dropout and its associated risks. Simultaneously, this article takes into consideration the methods to prevent and reduce school dropout phenomenon, accounting for the noticeable and, more importantly, unnoticeable school dropout, unreported in official school documents. Contemporary society aims to promote equality in terms of equal opportunities, nourishing the creative mission of socialization, the democratization of access to school, the development of complementary structures in mandatory classroom activities, and the development through innovation. Its scope extends to diminishing standardization in education, and school segregation in what has frequently been described as an unsettled sociopolitical context. In recent years, inspired by the American movement towards positive discrimination, numerous compensatory educational policies have risen, emphasizing the existence of difficulties in sensitive, vulnerable environments. School dropout is an elaborate social problem, and even if researchers have accounted for its causes and sometimes proposed solutions, the materialization into concrete plans of actions has yet to be adopted. This delay postpones the achievement of the process to prevent, reduce, and correct school dropout, ignoring its sociopolitical, psychological and cultural implications.
KEYWORDS: school dropout, school absenteeism, school failure, social inequality, educational policy.