CURRENT ISSUE

Romanian Journal of Social Sciences (RJSS)

 

Issue no. 4/ Vol. II

POLITICAL REGIMES IN CENTRAL ASIA: NEW PERSPECTIVES

Anfisa KLOKAVA, PhD. Candidate

Faculty of International Relations, University of Economics, Prague, Czech Republic

ABSTRACT: There has been growing interest in the formation of political systems in Central Asian republics in recent years. These regimes went through one or more transition waves without reaching the minimum standards of democracy. Nowadays, the political regimes in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan have specific stabilized institutional arrangements that had to stay on the point between consolidated authoritarianism and a hybrid form for 25 years. The purpose of this paper is to characterize and compare current political regimes in Central Asia. The use of the comparative method based on Dahl’s procedural democracy criteria helps recognize the nature of political regimes in Central Asia. The article works with the definition of hybrid regimes to examine whether Central Asian regimes might be classified as hybrid. A group of factors that determine the character and originality of each political regime plays an instrumental role, while the section on conclusions will pinpoint exactly the causes of significant variations.

 

KEYWORDS: authoritarian domination, democratization, hybrid regimes, Central Asia.

ON SOME ASPECTS OF THE IMPACT OF TRAINING IN SIMULTANEOUS INTERPRETING

Lucia CENDULOVA, PhD. Candidate

Faculty of Arts, "Matej Bel" University, Banska Bystrica

ABSTRACT: The aim of the study is to show the importance of the training of future simultaneous interpreters. The study follows a group of 35 students of translation studies in their first year of Master studies at “Matej Bel” University. The research is focused on the progress of these selected students during the first semester of their first year, and it is based on the analysis of the students’ recorded target speeches. The recording sessions of their interpreting performances are carried out three times during the semester, during which the students are systematically trained in the area of simultaneous interpreting. Transcriptions of the speeches are analyzed according to the amount of information transferred from the source language, which gives us an overall image of their progress.

 

KEYWORDS: simultaneous interpreting, training, performance, translation studies, evaluation.

PLOTINIUS: SELF-AWARENESS AND THE ASCENSION ON THE LADDER OF TRUTH

Elena Daniela TARBĂ, Assistant Researcher

"Alexandru Dragomir" Institute for Philosophy

ABSTRACT: In this article, I analyze the role of the individual soul in the hierarchic Plotinian system with emphasis on the moment of the awakening of the soul and its ascension on the ladder of truth. In order to do so, I elaborate the view of the three hypostases. Doing so, I follow the path of the chain-like procession until the last shackle, matter, not without mentioning the importance of the dichotomy object-subject in Plotinian view. After I briefly talk about matter as the limit of existence, I insist on the necessity of a complimentary action directed upwards. In the end, I accentuate the double nature of the individual Soul in these movement of complementary actions as I analyze the function of Sight in relation with Beauty and the appearance of Eros.

 

KEYWORDS: One, Intellect, Soul, self-awareness, procession.

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UK AND THE EUROPEAN UNION: FROM 1945 TO BREXIT

Lecturer H.S. VENKATESHA, PhD. Candidate

Department of Political Science, PG Centre ChikkaAluvara, Mangalore University Kodagu

ABSTRACT: The United Kingdom has always had an uncomfortable relationship with EU member countries. This covers most areas of the EU’s range of interests from foreign policy through justice and home affairs, including the vexed question of border controls, to social and labour relations. Indeed, two of the UKs prime ministers were hugely affected by challenges emanating from continental Europe; such challenges were the making of Churchill and the breaking of Margret Thatcher. The relationship between the UK and the EU has the potential for dramatic change following David Cameron’s commitment to hold on IN referendum on EU membership. Recently the people of Britain voted for a British exit from the EU. It has created new environment in the UK. It is creating fear to live in UK and some immigrants say they have stopped speaking their native tongue in public. Furthermore, other young immigrants say they fear discrimination over jobs and university admissions. UK’s decision to leave the EU has an impact on India on multiple layers. However, economists and experts believe that the country need not be overly worried about the development as the transition is going to be slow and more details are to be expected.

 

KEYWORDS: European Union, Integration, Britain, Brexit and Impact.

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