ABSTRACT: Romanian gulag’s literature, so much published in the last years and yet so little known and studied, is the newest part of the contemporary literature. It has been brought into light briefly a few times in some studies that represent the autobiographic gender (Eugen Simion) or in some prison memoirs (Ruxandra Cereseanu , Mihai Rădulescu, Mircea Anghelescu), in literary history (Nicolae Manolescu) or treated in a large study (Gratian Cormoş), this section of presenting the incarcerated universe is analyzed by reporting itself to a few essential aspects of this representative space for the communist Romania. At the border between literature and history (closer to the first one rather than the second), theses writings offers a perspective about the incarcerated life, but the experience is transformed in literature by the intensity of their feelings, even if the women don’t write literature and their aim is not to be seen as writers, but they just want to express their sufferance and to confess the truth about the incarcerated reality. To present the postwar prison, aspects of each period and the way women saw the incarceration are analyzed. An overview picture about prison is highlighted only from the sum of information offered by those who knew the prison directly, not only those who suffered but also those who provoked the sufferance. Reliving the sufferance of incarceration, which implies remembering and retelling it, is the ultimate form of torture for the former prisoners, which is no longer provoked from the exterior, but they accept it as a responsibility for those want (or have the obligation) to know the truth. And with all the difficult conditions they had to live in, the women add value to this experience, by making the knowledge about incarcerated space and the way of living more accessible. and sometimes they even considerate it essentially. The feminine writing about detention has some particularities, as each of the prisoners dealt with detention in their own way, which is different from that written by men who expose their experience in detention, by putting an accent on the mental pain rather than the psychical one and by presenting some aspects that only women were preoccupied by.
KEYWORDS: communism, political prison, incarcerated women, memoirs about detention, literature/history.