Romanian Association of Young Scholars
Romanian Review of Young Researchers (RRYR)
Issue No. 4/ Vol. I
LOC, ROL ȘI POZIȚIE. PRACTICI DISCURSIVE ÎN DISCURSUL POLITIC ROMÂNESC
Nicolae Sorin DRĂGAN, PhD. Candidate
Faculty of Communication and Public Relations, National School of Political Studies and Public Administration
ABSTRACT: In communication acts, social actors communicate not just content (performing a role), but also the way they relate to that content (positioning). This paper examines the way in which social actors position themselves discursively during final debates for presidential elections, both one toward the other, and toward the content of communication, from the perspective of positioning theory, places report and roles theory. An interdisciplinary approach (with multimodal analysis tool) allowed us to capture the dynamics of discursive exchange. This paper allows the understanding of dialogue as a form of “living” communication and can be considered a plea for the reconfiguration of dialogue in the Romanian public space.
KEYWORDS: positioning, positioning theory, role, places report, political semiotics.
PROCESUL DIN DEALUL SPIRII
Radu-Marian EREMIA, PhD. Candidate
Faculty of Polical Science, University of Bucharest
ABSTRACT: Dealul Spirii trial, which took place between January 1922 and June 1922 is the biggest anticommunist trial in the interwar years. Almost 300 communists were judged, most of them being accused of treason after voting for the inclusion of their party into the Third International, but it was also a small group who was considerated responsible of terrorist activities on the teritory of Romania. The defendents were convincted and later, the group accused of treason was pardoned, but the so called terrorists were kept in jail.
KEYWORDS: Dealul Spirii trial, communism, Romanian communism, senate bombing, third international.
A HISTORICAL APPROACH TO THE 19TH CENTURY SPIRITIST PHENOMENON
Ana Maria DUCUTA, PhD. Candidate
Doctoral School of History, “1 Decembrie 1918” University
ABSTRACT: This paper analyses spiritism as a social movement, discussing its main implications for 19th century society and culture. A number of social, political and anthropological arguments are presented in order to establish the factors that contributed to the massive spread of the spiritist phenomenon in Europe and America. In the United States, England and France spiritism was a movement of great relevance in terms of religious authority in the XIX century. Many scholars who study spiritism as a social movement describe its roots in the “crisis of faith” triggered by developments in science and medicine in this period. Some of the works of the most important historians addressing the spiritist phenomenon and its historical and social meaning in the 19th century are discussed, comparing and contrasting their insights into the movement’s causes and consequences.
KEYWORDS: spiritism, spirituality, religious, authority, history.
TO PUNISH OR NOT TO PUNISH (DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOUR): THAT IS THE QUESTION
Mihaela HARASIM (HALDAN), Ph.D. Candidate
Faculty of Letters, "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University
ABSTRACT: A recent survey examining student learning in college classroom found disruptive student behaviour to be the major learning inhibitor. Dealing with disruptive behaviour while trying my best to create a proper atmosphere for learning has always meant a huge challenge to me, as no situation resembles another, which made me examine the topic of misbehaviour in the classroom. Exploring significant writings helped me investigate the most important factors that may influence students’ behaviour during the lessons, define and classify common means of punishment and reach helpful techniques for detecting, analyzing and diminishing disruptive behaviour, applicable for our Romanian school classes.
KEYWORDS: disruptive behaviour, respect, classroom management, student perspectives, student well-being, punishment, discipline.
ASPECTE ALE PRAGMATICII ENUNȚĂRII ÎN POEZIA ROMÂNEASCĂ POSTMODERNĂ
Beatrice Diana BURCEA, PhD. Candidate
University of Craiova
ABSTRACT: At the end of the last century, enunciation theories attracted attention on the possible connections between linguistics and literature. In the analysis of literature, the language sciences imposed new modalities to approach the text. From the vast props of declarative strategies, we retain some a few aspects of the communicative action, such as: polyphony, reported discourse. The second part of the study analyzes selectively pragmatic aspects of the enunciation. In this analysis, the author emphasizes the conversational simulacrum by which the authenticity illusion is maintained. The inter-discourse involves rhetoric strategies that emphasizes as a mockery, the confusion, the cliché.
KEYWORDS: discourse reported, enunciation, polyphony, pragmatics.
VASILIADA – MODEL AL OPEREI SOCIAL-FILANTROPICE ÎN ȚĂRILE ROMÂNE. STUDIU DE CAZ: BOLNIŢELE DIN ȚARA ROMÂNEASCĂ
Dumitru Bogdan BĂDIŢĂ, MA Graduate
“Justinian the Patriarch” Faculty of Orthodox Theology, University of Bucharest
ABSTRACT: This paper examines the subject in historical, theological and social terms, showing the extensive social, charitable and medical work of Saint Basil The Great, which were the first infirmaries in our country, and also how they were organized. Saint Basil the Great Hierarch showed a perfect model of philanthropy. In his settlements, each illness or suffering have their own compartment, a special care and a specific type of dwelling. Through Vasiliada, Saint Basil is the first hierarch who establishes a comprehensive philanthropic work of a complex system of medical and social care. Starting with the Saint Basil the Great, who overcame his contemporaries and not only, beeing the model of philanthropy, Romanian Country rulers have promoted such settlements in which clergy patients and lay people who were in monasteries, were cared. The first hospitals in the country were the infirmaries from monasteries, these curch hospitals who treated patients. Some monks were very famous carers, as good connoisseurs of plants. Whether we speak about the infirmary, or hospitals in the modern sense, their ancension is the same: the Byzantine religious hospital, whose prototype is founded by Saint Basil the Great. Through infirmaries from monasteries, Romanian Orthodox Church has always been present and active in ministering people.
KEYWORDS: infirmary, Vasiliada, Romanian Orthodox Church.
DESPRE IMPERATIVUL „PREOCUPĂRII DE SINE” ÎN FILOSOFIA STOICĂ
Ruxandra-Maria STOIA, PhD. Candidate
Faculty of Philosophy and Socio-Political Sciences, “Al. I. Cuza” University
ABSTRACT: Viewed through a modern perspective, philosophy has its place in an academic area as a field of study that offers a theoretical support and a cultural background. Is philosophy just a way to cultivate an intellectual life? Few can make the distinction between the philosophy itself and the discourse about philosophy. In fact, it’s a matter of attention. If we take a closer look, philosophy has never tried to be an amount of knowledge, but an invitation to a self-reflection. The philosophers took it as an essential act, because it gives the opportunity to self-interrogation regarding our knowledge, our needs, our way of thinking and acting. We find this request mostly in ancient philosophy. The suggestion of an examined life starts with Socrates, but is more explicit in Stoicism. Their idea was not a naive one. We are constantly caught in our familiar routine. Due to that and the lack of time, we are losing the privilege of knowing ourselves. If so, every activity concerning the “care of the self” had the purpose to achieve an authentic way of living. By returning to the late Stoic texts, we discover this universal imperative, i.e. the care of the self, through which we obtain autonomy and a good self-control in front of our daily challenges. Furthermore, this self-examination involves also a spiritual conversion of one’s way of living. As a matter of fact, the mark of a philosophical life is that it follows a series of spiritual exercises. Therefore, we can’t help asking ourselves: can we still rely on ancient philosophy when it comes to solve our quotidian problems? The aim of this paper is to illustrate the meaning and the function of the “care of the self” in its philosophical context, not forgetting that this Stoic precept had a strong contribution to the evolution of European culture.
KEYWORDS: Care of the self, conversion, spiritual exercises, authentic way of living, Stoic philosophy.
THE MEDIEVAL IMMIGRATION – A VENETIAN PARADIGM
George Marian LĂȚCAN, PhD. Candidate
"Justinian the Patriarch” Faculty of Theology, University of Bucharest
ABSTRACT: Two different populations, the Venetians and Byzantines, representatives of the Western and the Eastern civilizations, provided effervescence to the conservatory climate in Constantinople. Unfortunately the meeting of the two worlds caused, only after a century, a bloody anti-Latin revolt. We are not interested in the events, which are known in general, but to avoid errors made then and to find possible solutions to the contemporaneousness World. If we add the transformation of the relationship between Venice and Byzantium in the context of the Crusader, we believe that interest is earned by our theme. The topic of Medieval Immigration concerns me from the beginnig of my research of the subject "The relationship between Venice and Byzantium during the Komnenos Dynasty (1081-1185)’’, from the year 2013, when I have presented to the Doctoral School of the Faculty of Theology, "Justinian Patriarch", University of Bucharest. The subject of immigration is perfectly suited to the wave of oriental immigrants that have flooded Europe this summer. In historical research too often we are faced with a lack, or apparent lack, of adaptation to contemporary issues. But our theme, immigration, is folded so well to the troubles of time.
KEYWORDS: Medieval History, crusades, emigration, Venice, globalization.
ATITUDINEA BĂRBAȚILOR FAȚĂ DE FEMEI ÎN DIFERITE CULTURI ȘI RELIGII
Ioana Dana OBRINTESCHI (IANCU), MA Student
Faculty of Sociology and Social Assistance, University of Bucharest
ABSTRACT: The research describes, in terms of cultural relativism, the attitude of male members of the first three religions regarding the number of followers in the world, Christianity, Islamism and Hinduism to female exclusive and predilect experiences (maternity, abortion, prostitution, rape, domestic violence) to which due to anatomical constraints or advantages they may only participate as partners, spectators, supporters or critics. It subscrive to the concerns of the third wave of feminism, the focus is not on the differences between men and women but the differences between women located in various cultural, social and political contexts. The research is quantitative-descriptive, its hypotheses representing new research findings on the same theme.
KEYWORDS: gender, male attitude, religion, culture.
VASILE VOICULESCU ÎN LUMINA MONOGRAFIILOR CRITICE
Aura PIPEAUA, PhD. Candidate
Faculty of Letters, University of Bucharest
ABSTRACT: How current is today V. Voiculescu, Buzău writer? Is his literary work a part of the pure traditionalism guidelines or does it combine different cultural elements? Which are the exegetical research directions towards the literary reception of Voiculescu’s work goes on? These are some of the most important questions I attempt to answer in this paper, part of a larger study entitled "The Posthumous Reception of Vasile Voiculescu's Work". As such, this paper aims: to highlight the role occupied by the writer's work in monographic reception; to determine the most appropriate model for monographs reception (autonomist or biografist); to respect the criterion of value in exegetical approach, rather than chronologically one; to synthesize aspects of work reception according to the exegetical vision up to now. The working methods range from the inventory of the critical studies to analysis, interpretation and their systematization, with the result of highlighting the way Vasile Voiculescu’s work reflected in monographs’ consciousness. In this sense, the bibliography is extensive, covering both exegetical established names and young researchers of Buzău creative writer.
KEYWORDS: monograph, tradiționalism, modernity, unitary, fragmentary.
STRADA MIHAIL EMINESCU – PARTE IMPORTANTĂ A PATRIMONIULUI CULTURAL BRĂILEAN, ROMÂNESC ȘI EUROPEAN
Mirela Daniela OANCEA(VOICU), PhD. Candidate
Faculty of Geography, University of Bucharest
ABSTRACT: Mihai Eminescu Street is an important part of the cultural heritage of the city Brăila.This street has represented since 1990, a section of a longer thoroughfare called "The Royal Street” (in the period of a kingdom) and “The Republic Street” (in the socialist period). There are important historical monuments on this street, such as: "Maria Filotti" Theatre, "The Bolohover House", Bristol Hotel, "Berechet Chemist’s", "St.Petersburg Hotel". The city systematization, in the 1970’s affected Mihai Eminescu street alas, by modifications of the facades of some constructions and by the building of some modern constructions such as "Fashion House", "Winmarkt Shop", which could be considered town planning’s aggressions.
KEYWORDS: Brăila, cultural heritage, historical monument, architectural ensemble, town-planning.